Latest Publications by Alan Robock

Refereed Journal Articles and Book Chapters

  1. Kravitz, Ben, Douglas G. MacMartin, Daniele Visioni, Olivier Boucher, Jason N. S. Cole, Jim Haywood, Andy Jones, Thibaut Lurton, Pierre Nabat, Ulrike Niemeier, Alan Robock, Roland Séférian, and Simone Tilmes, 2020: Comparing different generations of idealized solar geoengineering simulations in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review. 

  2. Clyne, Margot, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Michael J. Mills, Myriam Khodri, William Ball, Slimane Bekki, Sandip S. Dhomse, Nicholas Lebas, Graham Mann, Lauren Marshall, Ulrike Niemeier, Virginie Poulain, Alan Robock, Eugene Rozanov, Anja Schmidt, Andrea Stenke, Timofei Sukhodolov, Claudia Timmreck, Matthew Toohey, Fiona Tummon, Davide Zanchettin, Yunqian Zhu, and Owen B. Toon, 2020: Model physics and chemistry causing intermodel disagreement within the VolMIP-Tambora Interactive Stratospheric Aerosol ensemble. Atmos. Chem. Phys.,, in press. 

  3. Jones, Andy, Jim M. Haywood, Anthony C. Jones, Simone Tilmes, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock, 2020: North Atlantic Oscillation response in GeoMIP experiments G6solar and G6sulfur: Why detailed modelling is needed for understanding regional implications of solar radiation management. Atmos. Chem. Phys.,, in press. 

  4. Coupe, Joshua, Samantha Stevenson, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Tyler Rohr, Cheryl S. Harrison, Alan Robock, Holly Olivarez, Charles G. Bardeen, and Owen B. Toon, 2021: Nuclear Niño response observed in simulations of nuclear war scenarios. Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 18, doi:10.1038/s43247-020-00088-1.     PDF file

  5. Scherrer, Kim J. N., Cheryl S. Harrison, Ryan Heneghan, Eric Galbraith, Charles G. Bardeen, Jonas Jägermeyr, Nicole S. Lovenduski, August Luna, Alan Robock, Jessica Stevens, Samantha Stevenson, Owen B. Toon, and Lili Xia, 2020: Marine wild-capture fisheries after nuclear war. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117(47), 29,748-29,758, doi:10.1073/pnas.2008256117.    PDF file

  6. Robock, Alan, 2020: Comment on “No consistent ENSO response to volcanic forcing over the last millennium.” Science, 369 (6509), eabc0502, doi:10.1126/science.abc0502.    PDF file

  7. Robock, Alan, 2020: Making your own luck: A meaningful career from being open to opportunities. Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, 1, e2020CN000133, doi:10.1029/2020CN000133.     PDF file 

  8. Singh, Jyoti, Sandeep Sahany, and Alan Robock, 2020: Can stratospheric geoengineering alleviate global-warming-induced changes in deciduous fruit cultivation? The case of Himachal Pradesh (India). Climatic Change, 162, 1323-1343, doi:10.1007/s10584-020-02786-3.      PDF file

  9. Tilmes, Simone, Douglas G. MacMartin, Jan T. M. Lenaerts, Leo van Kampenhout, Laura Muntjewerf, Lili Xia, Cheryl S. Harrison, Kristen Krumhardt, Michael J. Mills, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock, 2020: Reaching 1.5 and 2.0°C global surface temperature targets using stratospheric aerosol geoengineering in CMIP6. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 579-601, doi:10.5194/esd-11-579-2020.    PDF file  

  10. Robock, Alan, 2020: Benefits and risks of stratospheric solar radiation management for climate intervention (geoengineering). The Bridge, 50, 59-67. (invited paper)    PDF file

  11. Jägermeyr, Jonas, Alan Robock, Joshua Elliott, Christoph Müller, Lili Xia, Nikolay Khabarov, Christian Folberth, Erwin Schmid, Wenfeng Liu, Florian Zabel, Sam S. Rabin, Michael J. Puma, Alison C. Heslin, James Franke, Ian Foster, Senthold Asseng, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, and Cynthia Rosenzweig, 2020: A regional nuclear conflict would compromise global food security. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117, 7071-7081, doi:10.1073/pnas.1919049117.    PDF file

  12. Lovenduski, Nicole S., Cheryl S. Harrison, Holly Olivarez, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, Joshua Coupe, Alan Robock, Tyler Rohr, and Samantha Stevenson, 2020: The potential impact of nuclear conflict on ocean acidification. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2019GL086246, doi:10.1029/2019GL086246.    PDF file

  13. Baldwin, Mark P., Thomas Birner, Guy Brasseur, John Burrows, Neal Butchart, Rolando Garcia, Marvin Geller, Lesley Gray, Kevin Hamilton, Nili Harnik, Michaela I. Hegglin, Ulrike Langematz, Alan Robock, Kaoru Sato, and Adam A. Scaife, 2019: Advances in understanding the stratosphere and mesosphere, 1920–2020. Meteorological Monographs, 59, 27.1-27.62, doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-19-0003.1.     PDF file

  14. Robock, Alan, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Lili Xia, Hans Kristensen, Matthew McKinzie, R. J. Peterson, Cheryl Harrison, Nicole S. Lovenduski, and Richard P. Turco, 2019: How an India-Pakistan nuclear war could start–and have global consequences. Bull. Atomic Scientists, 75:6, 273-279, doi:10.1080/00963402.2019.1680049.   PDF file

  15. Toon, Owen B., Charles G. Bardeen, Alan Robock, Lili Xia, Hans Kristensen, Matthew McKinzie, R. J. Peterson, Cheryl Harrison, Nicole S. Lovenduski, and Richard P. Turco, 2019: Rapid expansion of nuclear arsenals by Pakistan and India portends regional and global catastrophe. Science Advances, 5, eaay5478, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aay5478.    Full paper and PDF file

  16. Robock, Alan, Owen B. Toon, and Charles G. Bardeen, 2019: Comment on “Climate impact of a regional nuclear weapons exchange: An improved assessment based on detailed source calculations” by Reisner et al. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 12,953-12,958, doi:10.1029/2019JD030777.    PDF file

  17. Coupe, Joshua, Charles G. Bardeen, Alan Robock, and Owen B. Toon, 2019: Nuclear winter responses to global nuclear war in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model Version 4 and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 8522-8543, doi:10.1029/2019JD030509.     PDF file

  18. Yu, Pengfei, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Yunqian Zhu, Karen H. Rosenlof, Robert W. Portmann, Troy D. Thornberry, Ru-Shan Gao, Sean M. Davis, Eric T. Wolf, Joost de Gouw, David A. Peterson, Michael D. Fromm, and Alan Robock, 2019: Black carbon lofts wildfire smoke high into the stratosphere to form a persistent plume. Science, 365, 587-590, doi:10.1126/science.aax1748.     PDF file

  19. Zambri, Brian, Alan Robock, Michael J. Mills, and Anja Schmidt, 2019a: Modeling the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in Iceland, Part I: Aerosol evolution and global stratospheric circulation impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 6750-6769, doi:10.1029/2018JD029553.     PDF file

  20. Zambri, Brian, Alan Robock, Michael J. Mills, and Anja Schmidt, 2019b: Modeling the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in Iceland, Part II: Climate impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 6770-6790, doi:10.1029/2018JD029554.     PDF file

  21. Robock, Alan, and Brian Zambri, 2018: Did smoke from city fires in World War II cause global cooling? J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, 10,314-10,325, doi:10.1029/2018JD028922.     PDF file

  22. Kravitz, Ben, Philip J. Rasch, Hailong Wang, Alan Robock, Corey Gabriel, Olivier Boucher, Jason N. S. Cole, Jim Haywood, Duoying Ji, Andy Jones, Andrew Lenton, John C. Moore, Helene Muri, Ulrike Niemeier, Steven Phipps, Hauke Schmidt, Shingo Watanabe, Shuting Yang, and Jin-Ho Yoon, 2018: The climate effects of increasing ocean albedo: An idealized representation of solar geoengineering.  Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 13,097-13,113, doi:10.5194/acp-18-13097-2018.   PDF file

  23. Trisos, Christopher H., Corey Gabriel, Alan Robock, and Lili Xia, 2018: Ecological, agricultural and health impacts of solar geoengineering. Chapter 24 in Resilience: The Science of Adaptation to Climate Change, Keith Alverson and Zinta Zommers, editors, (Elsevier, Amsterdam), 292-304, ISBN: 978-0-12-811891-7. (Invited paper)    PDF file

  24. Toon, Owen B., Alan Robock, Michael Mills, Lili Xia, and Charles Bardeen, 2018: Climatic consequences and agricultural impacts of nuclear conflicts. Chapter 24 in Global Change and Future Earth: The Geoscience Perspective, Tom Beer, Jianping Li, and Keith Alverson, Eds., (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK), 328-340. (Invited paper) 

  25. Prata, Fred, Alan Robock, and Richard Hamblyn, 2018: The sky in Edvard Munch’s The Scream. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 99, 1377-1390, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0144.1.     PDF file

  26. Newhall, Christopher, Stephen Self, and Alan Robock, 2018: Anticipating future Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) 7 eruptions and their chilling impacts. Geosphere, 14, No. 2, 1-32, doi:10.1130/GES01513.1.     PDF file

  27. Marshall, Lauren, Anja Schmidt, Matthew Toohey, Ken Carslaw, Graham Mann, Michael Sigl, Myriam Khodri, Claudia Timmreck, Davide Zanchettin, William Ball, Slimane Bekki, James Brooke, Sandip Dhomse, Colin Johnson, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Allegra LeGrande, Michael Mills, Ulrike Niemeier, James O. Pope, Virginie Poulain, Alan Robock, Eugene Rozanov, Andrea Stenke, Timofei Sukhodolov, Simone Tilmes, Kostas Tsigaridis, and Fiona Tummon, 2018: Multi-model comparison of the volcanic sulfate deposition from the 1815 eruption of Mt. Tambora. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 2307-2328, doi:10.5194/acp-2017-729.     PDF file

  28. Slawinska, Joanna, and Alan Robock, 2018: Impact of volcanic eruptions on decadal to centennial fluctuations of Arctic sea ice extent during the last millennium and on initiation of the Little Ice Age. J. Climate, 31, 2145-2167, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0498.1.     PDF file

  29. Trisos, Christopher H., Giuseppe Amatulli, Jessica Gurevitch, Alan Robock, Lili Xia, and Brian Zambri, 2018: Potentially dangerous consequences for biodiversity of solar geoengineering implementation and termination. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2, doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0431-0.    PDF file    My blog about the paper

  30. Rodríguez-Vega, Albeht, Juan Carlos Antuña-Marrero, Michel d. S. Mesquita, Alan Robock, Thomas Toniazzo, and Odd Helge Otterå, 2018: How well does the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting Interim Reanalysis represent the surface air temperature in Cuban weather stations? Int. J. Climatol., 38, 1216-1233, doi:10.1002/joc.5239.     PDF file

Other Publications

  1. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and Douglas G. MacMartin, 2020: The road toward process-level understanding of solar geoengineering through a multi-model intercomparison. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(9), E1572-E1575, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0209.1.     PDF file

  2. King, Jonathan, Martin Chalfie, Noam Chomsky, Joseph Cirincione, Sean Decatur, Melissa Franklin, Joseph Gerson, David P. Goldenberg, Gary Goldstein, William Hartung, Ira Helfand, Daniel Holz, Peter C. Kahn, Sheldon Krimsky, Edward Loechler, Val Moghadam, Stuart A. Newman, David Ozonoff, Prasannan Parthasarathi, William Philips, H. David Politzer, Robert P. Redwine, Richard J. Roberts, Alan Robock, Catherine Ann Royer, Suzanne Scarlata, Elaine Scarry, George F. Smoot, Robert Socolow, Susan Solomon, Andrew Strominger, Eric J. Sundberg, Mriganka Sur, Max Tegmark, John F. Tierney, Cornelia van der Ziel, Michael VanElzakker, Frank N. von Hippel, Lawrence Wittner, and Henry H. Wortis, 2020: Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium. Science, 369, 262, doi:10.1126/science.abd3313.     PDF file

  3. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and John C. Moore, 2020: New frontiers in geoengineering research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E87-E89, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0327.1.    PDF file

  4. Florindo, Fabio, Jasper S. Halekas, Gregory Okin, Alan Robock, and Eelco J. Rohling, 2019: Thank you to our 2018 peer reviewers. Rev. Geophys., 57, 4, doi:10.1029/2019RG000647.    PDF file

  5. Antuña-Marrero, Juan Carlos, Albeht Rodriguez Vega, and Alan Robock, 2019: Three decades of atmospheric optics research in Camagüey, Cuba; Workshop for Thirtieth Anniversary of the Grupo de Óptica Atmosférica de Camagüey; Camagüey, Cuba, 23-26 October 2018, Eos, 100, doi:10.1029/2019EO116899.    PDF file

  6. Robock, Alan, 2018: Geoengineering is not a solution to global warming, Green Knight Newsletter, 9, No. 4, November 2018, pp. 1, 10-15.    PDF file

  7. Florindo, Fabio, Mark Moldwin, Greg Okin, Alan Robock, Eelco J. Rohling, and Jasper S. Halekas, 2018: Appreciation of peer reviewers for 2017. Rev. Geophys., 56, doi:10.1029/ 2018RG000623.    PDF file

  8. Robock, Alan, 2018: Getting your paper published, Part 1: Don’t annoy the reviewers. Editor’s Vox. Eos, 99, doi:10.1029/2018EO105561. 

  9. Robock, Alan, 2018: Getting your paper published, Part 2: Good grammar, clear figures. Editor’s Vox. Eos, 99, doi:10.1029/2018EO105573.   

  10. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and Ulrike Lohman, 2018: Modeling the impacts of geoengineering: Report on the Eighth Annual GeoMIP Meeting, 16-17 April 2018, Zürich, Switzerland, Eos, 99, doi:10.1029/2018EO103333.    Click here to read.

  11. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, Olivier Boucher, Mark Lawrence, John C. Moore, Ulrike Niemeier, Trude Storelvmo, Simone Tilmes, and Robert Wood, 2018: The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project - introduction to the second special issue. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9 pp., doi:10.5194/acp-special_issue376-preface.    PDF file

  12. Robock, Alan, 2018: Geoengineering could have animals running for their lives, Nature Ecology & Evolution, January 22, 2018.    Click here to read.

Prepared by Alan Robock ( - Last updated on January 22, 2021