Latest Publications by Alan Robock

Refereed Journal Articles and Book Chapters

  1. Coupe, Joshua, and Alan Robock, 2021: The influence of stratospheric soot and sulfate aerosols on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime atmospheric circulation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 126, e2020JD034513, doi:10.1029/2020JD034513.   PDF file

  2. Banerjee, Antara, Amy H. Butler, Lorenzo M. Polvani, Alan Robock, Isla R. Simpson, and Lantao Sun, 2021: Robust winter warming over Eurasia under stratospheric sulfate geoengineering – the role of stratospheric dynamics. Atm. Chem. Phys., 21, 6985-6997, doi:10.5194/acp-21-6985-2021.   PDF file

  3. Zarnetske, Phoebe L., Jessica Gurevitch, Janet Franklin, Peter Groffman, Cheryl Harrison, Jessica Hellmann, Forrest M. Hoffman, Shan Kothari, Alan Robock, Simone Tilmes, Daniele Visioni, Jin Wu, Lili Xia, and Cheng-En Yang, 2021: Potential ecological impacts of climate intervention by reflecting sunlight to cool the Earth. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 118 (15), e1921854118, doi:10.1073/pnas.1921854118.     PDF file
  4. Kravitz, Ben, Douglas G. MacMartin, Daniele Visioni, Olivier Boucher, Jason N. S. Cole, Jim Haywood, Andy Jones, Thibaut Lurton, Pierre Nabat, Ulrike Niemeier, Alan Robock, Roland Séférian, and Simone Tilmes, 2021: Comparing different generations of idealized solar geoengineering simulations in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 4231-4247, doi:10.5194/acp-21-4231-2021.  PDF file

  5. Clyne, Margot, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Michael J. Mills, Myriam Khodri, William Ball, Slimane Bekki, Sandip S. Dhomse, Nicholas Lebas, Graham Mann, Lauren Marshall, Ulrike Niemeier, Virginie Poulain, Alan Robock, Eugene Rozanov, Anja Schmidt, Andrea Stenke, Timofei Sukhodolov, Claudia Timmreck, Matthew Toohey, Fiona Tummon, Davide Zanchettin, Yunqian Zhu, and Owen B. Toon, 2021: Model physics and chemistry causing intermodel disagreement within the VolMIP-Tambora Interactive Stratospheric Aerosol ensemble. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 3317-3343, doi:10.5194/acp-21-3317-2021.     PDF file

  6. Jones, Andy, Jim M. Haywood, Anthony C. Jones, Simone Tilmes, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock, 2021: North Atlantic Oscillation response in GeoMIP experiments G6solar and G6sulfur: Why detailed modelling is needed for understanding regional implications of solar radiation management. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1287-1304, doi:/10.5194/acp-21-1287-2021.    PDF file

  7. Coupe, Joshua, Samantha Stevenson, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Tyler Rohr, Cheryl S. Harrison, Alan Robock, Holly Olivarez, Charles G. Bardeen, and Owen B. Toon, 2021: Nuclear Niño response observed in simulations of nuclear war scenarios. Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 18, doi:10.1038/s43247-020-00088-1.     PDF file

  8. Scherrer, Kim J. N., Cheryl S. Harrison, Ryan Heneghan, Eric Galbraith, Charles G. Bardeen, Jonas Jägermeyr, Nicole S. Lovenduski, August Luna, Alan Robock, Jessica Stevens, Samantha Stevenson, Owen B. Toon, and Lili Xia, 2020: Marine wild-capture fisheries after nuclear war. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117(47), 29,748-29,758, doi:10.1073/pnas.2008256117.    PDF file

  9. Robock, Alan, 2020: Comment on “No consistent ENSO response to volcanic forcing over the last millennium.” Science, 369 (6509), eabc0502, doi:10.1126/science.abc0502.    PDF file

  10. Robock, Alan, 2020: Making your own luck: A meaningful career from being open to opportunities. Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, 1, e2020CN000133, doi:10.1029/2020CN000133.     PDF file 

  11. Singh, Jyoti, Sandeep Sahany, and Alan Robock, 2020: Can stratospheric geoengineering alleviate global-warming-induced changes in deciduous fruit cultivation? The case of Himachal Pradesh (India). Climatic Change, 162, 1323-1343, doi:10.1007/s10584-020-02786-3.      PDF file

  12. Tilmes, Simone, Douglas G. MacMartin, Jan T. M. Lenaerts, Leo van Kampenhout, Laura Muntjewerf, Lili Xia, Cheryl S. Harrison, Kristen Krumhardt, Michael J. Mills, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock, 2020: Reaching 1.5 and 2.0°C global surface temperature targets using stratospheric aerosol geoengineering in CMIP6. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 579-601, doi:10.5194/esd-11-579-2020.    PDF file  

  13. Robock, Alan, 2020: Benefits and risks of stratospheric solar radiation management for climate intervention (geoengineering). The Bridge, 50, 59-67. (invited paper)    PDF file

  14. Jägermeyr, Jonas, Alan Robock, Joshua Elliott, Christoph Müller, Lili Xia, Nikolay Khabarov, Christian Folberth, Erwin Schmid, Wenfeng Liu, Florian Zabel, Sam S. Rabin, Michael J. Puma, Alison C. Heslin, James Franke, Ian Foster, Senthold Asseng, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, and Cynthia Rosenzweig, 2020: A regional nuclear conflict would compromise global food security. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117, 7071-7081, doi:10.1073/pnas.1919049117.    PDF file

  15. Lovenduski, Nicole S., Cheryl S. Harrison, Holly Olivarez, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, Joshua Coupe, Alan Robock, Tyler Rohr, and Samantha Stevenson, 2020: The potential impact of nuclear conflict on ocean acidification. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2019GL086246, doi:10.1029/2019GL086246.    PDF file

  16. Baldwin, Mark P., Thomas Birner, Guy Brasseur, John Burrows, Neal Butchart, Rolando Garcia, Marvin Geller, Lesley Gray, Kevin Hamilton, Nili Harnik, Michaela I. Hegglin, Ulrike Langematz, Alan Robock, Kaoru Sato, and Adam A. Scaife, 2019: Advances in understanding the stratosphere and mesosphere, 1920–2020. Meteorological Monographs, 59, 27.1-27.62, doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-19-0003.1.     PDF file

  17. Robock, Alan, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Lili Xia, Hans Kristensen, Matthew McKinzie, R. J. Peterson, Cheryl Harrison, Nicole S. Lovenduski, and Richard P. Turco, 2019: How an India-Pakistan nuclear war could start–and have global consequences. Bull. Atomic Scientists, 75:6, 273-279, doi:10.1080/00963402.2019.1680049.   PDF file

  18. Toon, Owen B., Charles G. Bardeen, Alan Robock, Lili Xia, Hans Kristensen, Matthew McKinzie, R. J. Peterson, Cheryl Harrison, Nicole S. Lovenduski, and Richard P. Turco, 2019: Rapid expansion of nuclear arsenals by Pakistan and India portends regional and global catastrophe. Science Advances, 5, eaay5478, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aay5478.    Full paper and PDF file

  19. Robock, Alan, Owen B. Toon, and Charles G. Bardeen, 2019: Comment on “Climate impact of a regional nuclear weapons exchange: An improved assessment based on detailed source calculations” by Reisner et al. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 12,953-12,958, doi:10.1029/2019JD030777.    PDF file

  20. Coupe, Joshua, Charles G. Bardeen, Alan Robock, and Owen B. Toon, 2019: Nuclear winter responses to global nuclear war in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model Version 4 and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 8522-8543, doi:10.1029/2019JD030509.     PDF file

  21. Yu, Pengfei, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Yunqian Zhu, Karen H. Rosenlof, Robert W. Portmann, Troy D. Thornberry, Ru-Shan Gao, Sean M. Davis, Eric T. Wolf, Joost de Gouw, David A. Peterson, Michael D. Fromm, and Alan Robock, 2019: Black carbon lofts wildfire smoke high into the stratosphere to form a persistent plume. Science, 365, 587-590, doi:10.1126/science.aax1748.     PDF file

  22. Zambri, Brian, Alan Robock, Michael J. Mills, and Anja Schmidt, 2019a: Modeling the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in Iceland, Part I: Aerosol evolution and global stratospheric circulation impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 6750-6769, doi:10.1029/2018JD029553.     PDF file

  23. Zambri, Brian, Alan Robock, Michael J. Mills, and Anja Schmidt, 2019b: Modeling the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in Iceland, Part II: Climate impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 6770-6790, doi:10.1029/2018JD029554.     PDF file

Other Publications

  1. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and Douglas G. MacMartin, 2020: The road toward process-level understanding of solar geoengineering through a multi-model intercomparison. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(9), E1572-E1575, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0209.1.     PDF file

  2. King, Jonathan, Martin Chalfie, Noam Chomsky, Joseph Cirincione, Sean Decatur, Melissa Franklin, Joseph Gerson, David P. Goldenberg, Gary Goldstein, William Hartung, Ira Helfand, Daniel Holz, Peter C. Kahn, Sheldon Krimsky, Edward Loechler, Val Moghadam, Stuart A. Newman, David Ozonoff, Prasannan Parthasarathi, William Philips, H. David Politzer, Robert P. Redwine, Richard J. Roberts, Alan Robock, Catherine Ann Royer, Suzanne Scarlata, Elaine Scarry, George F. Smoot, Robert Socolow, Susan Solomon, Andrew Strominger, Eric J. Sundberg, Mriganka Sur, Max Tegmark, John F. Tierney, Cornelia van der Ziel, Michael VanElzakker, Frank N. von Hippel, Lawrence Wittner, and Henry H. Wortis, 2020: Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium. Science, 369, 262, doi:10.1126/science.abd3313.     PDF file

  3. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and John C. Moore, 2020: New frontiers in geoengineering research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E87-E89, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0327.1.    PDF file

  4. Florindo, Fabio, Jasper S. Halekas, Gregory Okin, Alan Robock, and Eelco J. Rohling, 2019: Thank you to our 2018 peer reviewers. Rev. Geophys., 57, 4, doi:10.1029/2019RG000647.    PDF file

  5. Antuña-Marrero, Juan Carlos, Albeht Rodriguez Vega, and Alan Robock, 2019: Three decades of atmospheric optics research in Camagüey, Cuba; Workshop for Thirtieth Anniversary of the Grupo de Óptica Atmosférica de Camagüey; Camagüey, Cuba, 23-26 October 2018, Eos, 100, doi:10.1029/2019EO116899.    PDF file

Prepared by Alan Robock ( - Last updated on June 9, 2021