Latest Publications by Alan Robock

Refereed Journal Articles and Book Chapters

  1. Xia, Lili, Alan Robock, Kim Scherrer, Cheryl S. Harrison, Jonas Jägermeyr, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, and Ryan Heneghan, 2022: Global food insecurity and famine from reduced crop, marine fishery and livestock production due to climate disruption from nuclear war soot injection. Nature Food, 3, 586-996, doi:10.1038/s43016-022-00573-0.  PDF file

  2. Harrison, Cheryl S., Tyler Rohr, Alice DuVivier, Elizabeth A. Maroon, Scott Bachman, Charles G. Bardeen, Joshua Coupe, Victoria Garza, Ryan Heneghan, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Philipp Neubauer, Victor Rangel, Alan Robock, Kim Scherrer, Samantha Stevenson, and Owen B. Toon, 2022: A new ocean state after nuclear war. AGU Advances, 3, e2021AV000610, doi:10.1029/2021AV000610.    PDF file

  3. Liu, Fei, Chaochao Gao, Jing Chai, Alan Robock, Bin Wang, Jinbao Li, Xu Zhang, Gang Huang, and Wenjie Dong, 2022: Tropical volcanism enhanced the East Asian summer monsoon during the last millennium. Nature Communications, 13, 3429, doi:10.1038/s41467-022-31108-7.    PDF file
  4. Marshall, Lauren, Elena C. Maters, Anja Schmidt, Claudia Timmreck, Alan Robock, and Matthew Toohey, 2022: Volcanic effects on climate: recent advances and future avenues. Bull. Volcanology, 84:54, doi:10.1007/s00445-022-01559-3.    PDF file

  5. Carlson, Colin J., Rita Colwell, Mohammad Sharif Hossain, Mohammed Mofizur Rahman, Alan Robock, Sadie J. Ryan, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, and Christopher H. Trisos, 2022: Solar geoengineering could redistribute malaria risk in developing countries. Nature Communications, 13, 2150, doi:10.1038/s41467-022-29613-w.   PDF file

  6. Hochman, Gal, Hainan Zhang, Lili Xia, Alan Robock, Saketh Aleti, Dominique Y. van der Mensbrugghe, and Jonas Jägermeyr, 2022: Economic incentives modify agricultural impacts of nuclear war. Env. Res. Lett., 17, 054003, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac61c7.    PDF file

  7. Zanchettin, Davide, Claudia Timmreck, Myriam Khodri, Anja Schmidt, Matthew Toohey, Manabu Abe, Slimane Bekki, Jason Cole, Shih-Wei Fang, Wuhu Feng, Gabriele Hegerl, Ben Johnson, Nicolas Lebas, Allegra N. LeGrande, Graham W. Mann, Lauren Marshall, Landon Rieger, Alan Robock, Sara Rubinetti, Kostas Trigaridis, and Helen Weierbach, 2022: Effects of forcing differences and initial conditions on inter-model agreement in the VolMIP volc-pinatubo-full experiment. Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 2265-2292, doi: 10.5194/gmd-15-2265-2022.   PDF file

  8. Robock, Alan, and Stewart C. Prager, 2021: Geoscientists can help reduce the threat of nuclear weapons, Eos, 102, doi:10.1029/2021EO210633. Published on 2 December 2021.  Link

  9. Gao, Chaochao, Francis Ludlow, Al Matthews, Alexander R. Stine, Alan Robock, Yuqing Pan, Richard Breen, Brianán Nolan, and Michael Sigl, 2021: Volcanic climate impacts can act as ultimate and proximate causes of Chinese dynastic collapse. Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 234, doi:10.1038/s43247-021-00284-7.  PDF file

  10. Bardeen, Charles G., Douglas E. Kinnison, Owen B. Toon, Michael J. Mills, Francis Vitt, Lili Xia, Jonas Jägermeyr, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Kim J. N. Scherrer, Margot Clyne, and Alan Robock, 2021: Extreme ozone loss following nuclear war resulting in enhanced surface ultraviolet radiation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 126, e2021JD035079, doi:10.1029/2021JD035079.   PDF file

  11. Dorigo, Wouter, Irene Himmelbauer, Daniel Aberer, Lukas Schremmer, Ivana Petrakovic, Luca Zappa, Wolfgang Preimesberger, Angelika Xaver, Frank Annor, Jonas Ardö, Dennis Baldocchi, Günter Blöschl, Heye Bogena, Luca Brocca, Jean-Christophe Calvet, Julio J. Camarero, Giorgio Capello, Minha Choi, Michael C. Cosh, Jerome Demarty, Nick van de Giesen, Istvan Hajdu, Karsten H. Jensen, Kasturi Devi Kanniah, Ileen de Kat, Gottfried Kirchengast, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Jenni Kyrouac, Kristine Larson, Suxia Liu, Alexander Loew, Mahta Moghaddam, José Martínez Fernández, Cristian Mattar Bader, Renato Morbidelli, Jan Musial, Elise Osenga, Michael A. Palecki, Jarret Powers, Jaakko Ikonen, Alan Robock, Christoph Rüdiger, Udo Rummel, Michael Strobel, Zhongbo Su, Ryan Sullivan, Torbern Tagesson, Jeffrey Walker, Jean-Pierre Wigneron, Mel Woods, Kun Yang, Xiang Zhang, Marek Zreda, Stephan Dietrich, Alexander Gruber, Peter van Oevelen, Wolfgang Wagner, Klaus Scipal, Matthias Drusch, and Roberto Sabia, 2021: The International Soil Moisture Network: serving Earth systems science for over a decade. Hydrol. Earth System Sci., 25, 5749-5804, doi:10.5194/hess-25-5749-2021.   PDF file

  12. Coupe, Joshua, and Alan Robock, 2021: The influence of stratospheric soot and sulfate aerosols on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime atmospheric circulation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 126, e2020JD034513, doi:10.1029/2020JD034513.   PDF file

  13. Banerjee, Antara, Amy H. Butler, Lorenzo M. Polvani, Alan Robock, Isla R. Simpson, and Lantao Sun, 2021: Robust winter warming over Eurasia under stratospheric sulfate geoengineering – the role of stratospheric dynamics. Atm. Chem. Phys., 21, 6985-6997, doi:10.5194/acp-21-6985-2021.   PDF file

  14. Zarnetske, Phoebe L., Jessica Gurevitch, Janet Franklin, Peter Groffman, Cheryl Harrison, Jessica Hellmann, Forrest M. Hoffman, Shan Kothari, Alan Robock, Simone Tilmes, Daniele Visioni, Jin Wu, Lili Xia, and Cheng-En Yang, 2021: Potential ecological impacts of climate intervention by reflecting sunlight to cool the Earth. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 118 (15), e1921854118, doi:10.1073/pnas.1921854118.     PDF file
  15. Kravitz, Ben, Douglas G. MacMartin, Daniele Visioni, Olivier Boucher, Jason N. S. Cole, Jim Haywood, Andy Jones, Thibaut Lurton, Pierre Nabat, Ulrike Niemeier, Alan Robock, Roland Séférian, and Simone Tilmes, 2021: Comparing different generations of idealized solar geoengineering simulations in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 4231-4247, doi:10.5194/acp-21-4231-2021.  PDF file

  16. Clyne, Margot, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Michael J. Mills, Myriam Khodri, William Ball, Slimane Bekki, Sandip S. Dhomse, Nicholas Lebas, Graham Mann, Lauren Marshall, Ulrike Niemeier, Virginie Poulain, Alan Robock, Eugene Rozanov, Anja Schmidt, Andrea Stenke, Timofei Sukhodolov, Claudia Timmreck, Matthew Toohey, Fiona Tummon, Davide Zanchettin, Yunqian Zhu, and Owen B. Toon, 2021: Model physics and chemistry causing intermodel disagreement within the VolMIP-Tambora Interactive Stratospheric Aerosol ensemble. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 3317-3343, doi:10.5194/acp-21-3317-2021.     PDF file

  17. Jones, Andy, Jim M. Haywood, Anthony C. Jones, Simone Tilmes, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock, 2021: North Atlantic Oscillation response in GeoMIP experiments G6solar and G6sulfur: Why detailed modelling is needed for understanding regional implications of solar radiation management. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1287-1304, doi:/10.5194/acp-21-1287-2021.    PDF file

  18. Coupe, Joshua, Samantha Stevenson, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Tyler Rohr, Cheryl S. Harrison, Alan Robock, Holly Olivarez, Charles G. Bardeen, and Owen B. Toon, 2021: Nuclear Niño response observed in simulations of nuclear war scenarios. Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 18, doi:10.1038/s43247-020-00088-1.     PDF file

  19. Scherrer, Kim J. N., Cheryl S. Harrison, Ryan F. Heneghan, Eric Galbraith, Charles G. Bardeen, Joshua Coupe, Jonas Jägermeyr, Nicole S. Lovenduski, August Luna, Alan Robock, Jessica Stevens, Samantha Stevenson, Owen B. Toon, and Lili Xia, 2020: Marine wild-capture fisheries after nuclear war. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117(47), 29,748-29,758, doi:10.1073/pnas.2008256117.    PDF file

  20. Robock, Alan, 2020: Comment on “No consistent ENSO response to volcanic forcing over the last millennium.” Science, 369 (6509), eabc0502, doi:10.1126/science.abc0502.    PDF file

  21. Robock, Alan, 2020: Making your own luck: A meaningful career from being open to opportunities. Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, 1, e2020CN000133, doi:10.1029/2020CN000133.     PDF file 

  22. Singh, Jyoti, Sandeep Sahany, and Alan Robock, 2020: Can stratospheric geoengineering alleviate global-warming-induced changes in deciduous fruit cultivation? The case of Himachal Pradesh (India). Climatic Change, 162, 1323-1343, doi:10.1007/s10584-020-02786-3.      PDF file

  23. Tilmes, Simone, Douglas G. MacMartin, Jan T. M. Lenaerts, Leo van Kampenhout, Laura Muntjewerf, Lili Xia, Cheryl S. Harrison, Kristen Krumhardt, Michael J. Mills, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock, 2020: Reaching 1.5 and 2.0°C global surface temperature targets using stratospheric aerosol geoengineering in CMIP6. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 579-601, doi:10.5194/esd-11-579-2020.    PDF file  

  24. Robock, Alan, 2020: Benefits and risks of stratospheric solar radiation management for climate intervention (geoengineering). The Bridge, 50, 59-67. (invited paper)    PDF file

  25. Jägermeyr, Jonas, Alan Robock, Joshua Elliott, Christoph Müller, Lili Xia, Nikolay Khabarov, Christian Folberth, Erwin Schmid, Wenfeng Liu, Florian Zabel, Sam S. Rabin, Michael J. Puma, Alison C. Heslin, James Franke, Ian Foster, Senthold Asseng, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, and Cynthia Rosenzweig, 2020: A regional nuclear conflict would compromise global food security. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 117, 7071-7081, doi:10.1073/pnas.1919049117.    PDF file

  26. Lovenduski, Nicole S., Cheryl S. Harrison, Holly Olivarez, Charles G. Bardeen, Owen B. Toon, Joshua Coupe, Alan Robock, Tyler Rohr, and Samantha Stevenson, 2020: The potential impact of nuclear conflict on ocean acidification. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2019GL086246, doi:10.1029/2019GL086246.    PDF file

  27. Baldwin, Mark P., Thomas Birner, Guy Brasseur, John Burrows, Neal Butchart, Rolando Garcia, Marvin Geller, Lesley Gray, Kevin Hamilton, Nili Harnik, Michaela I. Hegglin, Ulrike Langematz, Alan Robock, Kaoru Sato, and Adam A. Scaife, 2019: Advances in understanding the stratosphere and mesosphere, 1920–2020. Meteorological Monographs, 59, 27.1-27.62, doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-19-0003.1.     PDF file

  28. Robock, Alan, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Lili Xia, Hans Kristensen, Matthew McKinzie, R. J. Peterson, Cheryl Harrison, Nicole S. Lovenduski, and Richard P. Turco, 2019: How an India-Pakistan nuclear war could start–and have global consequences. Bull. Atomic Scientists, 75:6, 273-279, doi:10.1080/00963402.2019.1680049.   PDF file

  29. Toon, Owen B., Charles G. Bardeen, Alan Robock, Lili Xia, Hans Kristensen, Matthew McKinzie, R. J. Peterson, Cheryl Harrison, Nicole S. Lovenduski, and Richard P. Turco, 2019: Rapid expansion of nuclear arsenals by Pakistan and India portends regional and global catastrophe. Science Advances, 5, eaay5478, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aay5478.    Full paper and PDF file

  30. Robock, Alan, Owen B. Toon, and Charles G. Bardeen, 2019: Comment on “Climate impact of a regional nuclear weapons exchange: An improved assessment based on detailed source calculations” by Reisner et al. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 12,953-12,958, doi:10.1029/2019JD030777.    PDF file

  31. Coupe, Joshua, Charles G. Bardeen, Alan Robock, and Owen B. Toon, 2019: Nuclear winter responses to global nuclear war in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model Version 4 and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 8522-8543, doi:10.1029/2019JD030509.     PDF file

  32. Yu, Pengfei, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Yunqian Zhu, Karen H. Rosenlof, Robert W. Portmann, Troy D. Thornberry, Ru-Shan Gao, Sean M. Davis, Eric T. Wolf, Joost de Gouw, David A. Peterson, Michael D. Fromm, and Alan Robock, 2019: Black carbon lofts wildfire smoke high into the stratosphere to form a persistent plume. Science, 365, 587-590, doi:10.1126/science.aax1748.     PDF file

  33. Zambri, Brian, Alan Robock, Michael J. Mills, and Anja Schmidt, 2019a: Modeling the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in Iceland, Part I: Aerosol evolution and global stratospheric circulation impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 6750-6769, doi:10.1029/2018JD029553.     PDF file

  34. Zambri, Brian, Alan Robock, Michael J. Mills, and Anja Schmidt, 2019b: Modeling the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in Iceland, Part II: Climate impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 6770-6790, doi:10.1029/2018JD029554.     PDF file

Other Publications

  1. Robock, Alan, 2022: AMS corporate funding, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 103, 88-90.   PDF file

  2. von Hobe, Marc, Landon Rieger, Alan Robock, and Anja Schmidt, 2022: SSiRC Virtual Meeting 2021 a Great Success with Largest Attendance Ever, SPARC Newsletter 58 - January 2022, 20-25.   See pp. 20-25 at SPARC Newsletter 58.

  3. Visioni, Daniele, and Alan Robock, 2022: Future geoengineering scenarios: Balancing policy relevance and scientific significance, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 103, E817-E820, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0201.1.  PDF file

  4. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and Douglas G. MacMartin, 2020: The road toward process-level understanding of solar geoengineering through a multi-model intercomparison. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(9), E1572-E1575, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0209.1.     PDF file

  5. King, Jonathan, Martin Chalfie, Noam Chomsky, Joseph Cirincione, Sean Decatur, Melissa Franklin, Joseph Gerson, David P. Goldenberg, Gary Goldstein, William Hartung, Ira Helfand, Daniel Holz, Peter C. Kahn, Sheldon Krimsky, Edward Loechler, Val Moghadam, Stuart A. Newman, David Ozonoff, Prasannan Parthasarathi, William Philips, H. David Politzer, Robert P. Redwine, Richard J. Roberts, Alan Robock, Catherine Ann Royer, Suzanne Scarlata, Elaine Scarry, George F. Smoot, Robert Socolow, Susan Solomon, Andrew Strominger, Eric J. Sundberg, Mriganka Sur, Max Tegmark, John F. Tierney, Cornelia van der Ziel, Michael VanElzakker, Frank N. von Hippel, Lawrence Wittner, and Henry H. Wortis, 2020: Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium. Science, 369, 262, doi:10.1126/science.abd3313.     PDF file

  6. Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and John C. Moore, 2020: New frontiers in geoengineering research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E87-E89, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0327.1.    PDF file

  7. Florindo, Fabio, Jasper S. Halekas, Gregory Okin, Alan Robock, and Eelco J. Rohling, 2019: Thank you to our 2018 peer reviewers. Rev. Geophys., 57, 4, doi:10.1029/2019RG000647.    PDF file

  8. Antuña-Marrero, Juan Carlos, Albeht Rodriguez Vega, and Alan Robock, 2019: Three decades of atmospheric optics research in Camagüey, Cuba; Workshop for Thirtieth Anniversary of the Grupo de Óptica Atmosférica de Camagüey; Camagüey, Cuba, 23-26 October 2018, Eos, 100, doi:10.1029/2019EO116899.    PDF file



Prepared by Alan Robock (robock@envsci.rutgers.edu) - Last updated on August 15, 2022